Ekspor CPO (Crude Palm Oil) Indonesia Ke India Dengan Analisis Model Gravity

Siti Abir Wulandari


The agricultural sector is one of the sectors that takes a role in international trade. Exports are one way to increase state revenues and in turn can stimulate an increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Exports are the most important part that must be considered for the achievement of sustainable economic development. In this case the progress of the export of a country that has no constraints will benefit the country itself. One of Indonesia's mainstay export commodities is palm oil (CPO). India is the main destination country for Indonesian CPO exports. The consumption of vegetable oils in India has increased over the past two decades as populations grow, incomes increase, and restaurants have sprung up to cater to crowds who start eating out more often. The Indian state's vegetable oil imports have soared to 15 million tonnes from 4 million just two decades ago, but imports fell in 2019/20 and 2020/21 after pandemic-related lockdowns that swept the world. The study aims to describe Indonesia's palm oil exports to India and to determine the factors affecting Indonesia's palm oil exports to India. This research was conducted in the destination country of Indonesia's palm oil (CPO) export to India, with the data collection time from 1992 to 2020. The palm oil commodity in this study is based on the harmonized system (HS) 151190010 published by the United Nations Commission trade (UN Comtrade). The method used in this study is time series analysis using a gravity model approach. The results of the analysis using the gravity method show that GDP per capita in Indonesia is based on constant prices, GDP per capita in India is based on constant prices, Indian tariffs and economic distance have a significant effect on the value of Indonesia's CPO exports to India.


Palm oil, export, import, gravity model

Full Text:



Aflaha A, 2022. Bos Sawit Awas Merugi! India Bakal Produksi CPO Besar-Besaran.


Andelisa, N., 2011. Analisis Daya Saing Aliran Ekspor Produk Crude Coconut Oil (CCO) Indonesia. Skripsi. Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi. Fakultas Ilmu Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB. Bogor.

Batubara, J. 2018. Analisis Perdagangan Kakao Indonesia Di Pasar Internasional.


Bergstrand, J.H. 1985. The Gravity Equation in International Trade. Some Microeconomic Foundation and Emprical Evidence. The Review of Economic and Statistic. Vol 67. No. 3

Indriyani, S, 2018. Analisis Daya Saing Dan Determina Ekspor Komoditas Unggulan Indonesia Ke Organisasi Kerjasama Islam (OKI) Tahun 2006-2017. Skripsi. http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/33949/

Kemenkoperekonomian, 2019. Kerangka Kerjasama Timur-Timur: Indonesia-India Perkuat Kerjasama Sawit Secara Berkelanjutan. https://ekon.go.id/publikasi/detail/1110/kerangka-kerjasama-timur-timur-indonesia-india-perkuat-kerjasama-sawit-secara-berkelanjutan

Krugman, P. R., & Obstfeld, M. 2002. International economics (6th ed.; D. Clinton, Ed.). New York: Addison Wesle.

Martha, F.L. 2011. Analisis Potensi Ekspor Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Indonesia Ke Empat Negara Mitra Dagang Utama dengan Pendekatan Gravity Model Skripsi. Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi. Fakultas Ilmu Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB. Bogor.

MA Wardani dkk, 2017. Analisis Daya Saing Dan Faktor-Faktor Yang Memengaruhi Ekspor Ban Indonesia Ke Kawasan Amerika Latin. https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/article/view/22452

Montenegro, C. E. & Soloaga, I. 2006. NAFTA'S Trade Effects: New Evidence with Gravity Model. Estudios de Economia, 33(1): 45-63.

Nibras G dan Widyastutik, 2019. Daya saing, Ekuivalen Tarif dan Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Permintaan Ekspor Minyak Sawit Indonesia Di Negara OKI.

https://jurnal.dpr.go.id › ekp › article › download

Salvatore, Dominick. Ekonomi Internasional jilid 1,2. (Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga,1997)

Sitorus, M. 2009. Peningkatan Ekspor CPO dan Kakao di Bawah Pengaruh Liberalisasi Perdagangan (Suatu Pendekatan Model Gravitasi). Skripsi. Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi. Fakultas Ilmu Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB. Bogor.

United Nation Comtrade, 2022. Comtrade Database Statistic. Available online: http://www.comtrade.org/

World Trade Organization, 2022. Tariffs. Available online : http://www.wto.org/

Jadhav R, 2022. India's edible oil imports to fall for 3rd straight year on record prices. https://www.reuters.com/world/india/indias-edible-oil-imports-fall-3rd-straight-year-record-prices-2022-05-10/

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/mea.v7i2.136


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal MeA (Media Agribisnis) Published by Agribusiness Program Study, Faculty of Agriculture, Batanghari University
Adress: Fakultas Pertanian, Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: meafpubr@gmail.com, Phone: 0741-60103

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.