Daya Saing Ekspor Crude Palm Oil dan Refined Palm Oil Asal Indonesia dan Malaysia di Pasar India

Zainuddin Zainuddin

Abstract


This research examines: 1) to what extent is the competitiveness of Indonesian palm oil, especially CPO and RPO in the Indian market compared to similar products from Malaysia; and 2) what factors determine the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO and RPO exports in the Indian market. The research method uses the RCA and RSCA indices as well as the regression function to determine the dominant factors that affect the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO and RPO exports in the Indian market with data ranging from 1995 to 2021. The competitiveness of Indonesian CPO exports in the Indian market shows a more stable trend in the period 1996 to 2021 and the competitiveness of Malaysian CPO in that period has decreased slowly. The competitiveness of Indonesian and Malaysian RPO exports in the Indian market decreased in the Indian market from 1996 to 2013, then there was a strengthening of competitiveness from 2014 to 2019. The competitiveness of Indonesian CPO exports to the Indian market is influenced by the volume of Malaysian CPO exports to India, the Indonesian CPO export tax, the CPO import tax in India, the real exchange rate of the Rupiah against the US Dollar, and the real price of CPO on the world market. Furthermore, the competitiveness of Indonesian RPO exports in the Indian market is influenced by the volume of Malaysian RPO exports to India, the real exchange rate of the Rupiah against the US Dollar, the export price of RPO, the price of soybean oil on the world market, and the RPO import tax in India.


Keywords


CPO, Competitiveness , Export, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, RPO

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulla, I., Arshad, M.F., Bala, B.K., Noh, K., & Tasrif, M. 2014. Impact of CPO export duties on Malaysian palm oil industry. American Journal of Applied Sciences. 11. 1301-1309.

Amiruddin A. 2017. Analisis daya saing dan dinamika ekspor produk kelapa sawit Indonesiadalam perdagangan internasional [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Balassa, B. 1965. Trade Liberalisation and ´Revealed´ Comparative Advantage. Manchester School of Economics and Social Studies, 33: 99-123.

Balassa, B. 1989. Comparative Advantage, Trade Policy and Economic Development. New York and London:

Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Bouët, A., & Laborde, D. (2012). Food crisis and export taxation: E cost of non-cooperative trade policies. Review of World Economics, 148(1), 209–233.

Dalum, B., Laursen, K., dan Villumsen, G. 1998. Structural Change in OECD export specialization patterns: de-specialization and stickiness. International Review of Applied Economics. Vol 12(3).

Dewanta, A., Arfani, R., & Erfita. 2016. Elasticity and competitiveness of Indonesia’s palm oil export in India market. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets. 8. 148-158

Ernawati, Fatimah, M. Arshad, M.N. Shamsudin, dan Z.A. Mohamed. 2006. AFTA and Its Implication to The Export Demand of Indonesian Palm Oil. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, Vol 24 (2), pp.115-132. doi:10.21082/jae.v24n2.2006.115-132.

FAO. 2020. Oilseeds And Oilseed Products. Tersedia pada : https://www.agrioutlook.org/ commodities/oecd-fao-agricultural-outlook-oilseeds.pdf

Hagi, S.H dan Tety, E. 2012. Analisis Daya Saing Ekspor Minyak Sawit Indonesia dan Malaysia di Pasar Internasional. Pekbis Jurnal, 4(3), 180-191

Hameed AAA, Arshad FM, Alias EF. 2016. Assessing Dynamics of Palm Oil Import Demand: The Case of Six Asian Countries. J. Food Prod. Mark. 22(8):949–966. doi:10.1080/10454446.2015.1121424.

Liefert, W.M. & Westcott, P.C. (2016). Modifying agricultural export taxes to make em less market distorting. Food Policy, 62, 65–77.

Munadi, E. 2007. Penurunan Pajak Ekspor Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Ekspor Minyak Kelapa Sawit Indonesia ke India (Pendekatan Error Correction Model). Informatika Pertanian. 16 (2): 1019-1036

Murphy DJ. 2014. The future of oil palm as a major global crop: Opportunities and challenges. J. Oil Palm Res. 26(MAR):1–24.

Mittaine J. 2016. Oilseeds and vegetable oils in asia: a world of diversity. Oilseeds Fats Crop. Lipids 23(6):1–7.

Negoro, H.A., Herdiansyah, H., Sari, R., Munandar, M.A dan Haryanto. J.T. 2020.. India’s Tariff on CPO and CPO Price: Why Tariff Matters More than Price on Indonesia’s CPO. 10.21203/rs.3.rs-56132/v1.

Novindra, Sinaga, B. M, Hartoyo, S, dan Erwidodo. 2021. Dampak Perubahan Pajak Impor India dan Kapasitas Produksi Industri Hilir Minyak Sawit Mentah Indonesia Terhadap Daya Saing dan Penerimaan Devisa Indonesia. Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan. 15 (1): 77-104.

PASPI. 2015. Kebijakan Nabati India: Pro Domestik dan Substitusi Impor 1 (5): p 31-38. PASPI Bogor

Patone, C.D., Kumaat, R.J., dan Mandeij, D. 2020.Analisis Daya Saing Ekspor Sawit Indonesia ke Negara Tujuan Utama Ekspor Tiongkok dan India. Jurnal Berkala Ilmiah Efisensi, 20(3), 22 - 32

Rifin, A. (2014). The Effect of Crude Palm Oil Export Tax on Export and Prices. ASEAN Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting 2 (1&2): 82-95

Sari, E.T. 2010. Revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and constant market share model (CMS) of Indonesian palm oil in ASEAN market. Thesis. Agribusiness Management Prince of Songkla University, Bangkok.

Salleh, K.M., Abdullah, R., Rahman, M.A.K., Balu, N., dan Nordin, A.Z.A. 2016. Revealed Comparative Advantage and Competitiveness of Malaysian Palm Oil Exports Againts Indonesia in Five Major Markets. Oil Palm Industry Economic Journal, 16 (1): 1-7.

Tarman., K, Dewi., W. Hari., F. Umar., M. Naufa., & Bambang, S.W. (2011). Kajian Kebijakan Pengembangan

Diversifikasi Pasar dan Produk Ekspor. Laporan Akhir Kajian Kementerian Perdagangan Republik Indonesia.

www.kemendag.go.id/files/pdf/2014/01/06/Full-Report-

USDA. 2020. World Agricultural Production. Foreign Agricultural Service.

United Nation Comtrade. 2021. Comtrade Database Statistic. http://www.comtrade.org /

United Nation Comtrade. 2022. Comtrade Database Statistic. http://www.comtrade.org /

Verbeek, M. 2017. A guide to modern econometrics. 5th edition, John Wiley & Sons

Wahyuningsih,S.N., Budiarto, Juarini. 2019. Analisis daya saing dan trend ekspor CPO Indonesia di Pasar India dan China. Jurnal Dinamika Sosial Ekonomi. 20(1):1-13.

Yudyanto, H., & Hastiadi, F. F. 2017. Analysis of the imposition of export tax on Indonesian cocoa beans: Impact on the processed cocoa export Indonesia and Malaysia. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, 7(5), 552-560

Yanita, M., D.M. Napitupulu, danK. Rahmah. 2019. Analysis of Factors Affecting the Competitiveness of Indonesian Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Export in the Global Market. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(3), 156-169. doi:10.32734/injar.v2i3.2857.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/mea.v7i2.138

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal MeA (Media Agribisnis) Published by Agribusiness Program Study, Faculty of Agriculture, Batanghari University
Adress: Fakultas Pertanian, Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: meafpubr@gmail.com, Phone: 0741-60103


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.